In my elementary school in Tempe, Arizona, I learned about Arizona’s five Cs. They are: copper, cattle, cotton, citrus and climate. For this article, I will focus on the fourth C of the list. The climate in Arizona is very suitable for growing citrus trees, but not all Arizonans know how to take care of them. The biggest mistakes usually made involve how and when to prune citrus trees. Many people worry about when to prune citrus trees, although this is not the most important issue. For some people, the answer may be: never!Perhaps the more appropriate question is: Why should I Is not Pruning my citrus tree?
Why not prune the citrus tree
When a valley resident asked a gardening expert in the Republic of Arizona when to prune citrus trees, this was part of the answer: “Homeowners like to prune citrus trees to look. You know that citrus trees are actually bushes, and their branches grow naturally. Below the ground? That’s a way for nature to protect the fruit and bark…” Those who are driven by the ancient woods that still exist in parts of East Mesa might understand this idea of citrus trees as overgrown shrub. It is generally misunderstood that citrus trees should be pruned like any other type of tree, which means that the life span of many citrus trees in the Phoenix area has been shortened.This is why I want readers to ask themselves why They want to prune them before wondering When Prune the citrus tree. Whether the goal is to optimize the yield of citrus fruits, or just to make your citrus trees aesthetically contribute to your yard, you should keep their overall health in mind when pruning.
How to prune citrus trees
Even if pruning is done at the best time of the year, there should be very little pruning. As Dave Owens (also known as the “garden man”) put it, “Citrus trees like to be pruned. The more leaves and dead wood on the tree, the better the sun protection the trunk will get.” Another Arizona horticultural expert, John Begeman, pointed out that “more leaves equals better fruit” and recommended “pruning only when necessary and only when appropriate techniques are used.” As Lowell F. True outlined in the 1987 article, some trimming may be required. Although it is best to keep a “skirt” (a branch that is almost close to the ground), it can also be pruned enough to make watering and fertilizing easier. It is also possible to prune the wrong branches, especially when they rub against other branches. As for the outer leaves, that is, the outline of the tree, for aesthetic purposes, it can be “shaped” into a shape, as long as you take extra care to prevent the bark of the tree from being exposed to the sun. No matter what time of year, you can and should only do one kind of pruning, especially if you maintain the fruit of the citrus tree: remove the sucker growth. These suckers are also called “water sprouts” and they will sprout from the trunk or even the roots of the tree. The layman may feel this necessary out of intuition or wishing to make the tree look better, but in fact, there are good reasons behind it.Trullo said: “We must eliminate all the suckers produced under budding. [which is the site of grafting]. They come from rootstock species and do not produce edible fruit. As they develop, they will occupy the top, turning the citrus variant you named back into the undesirable variant. “An important “when pruning” involves limbs that have been killed by frost. Do not remove these dead trees before then. Growth has already begun in spring, so the extent of the damage can be determined.
When to prune citrus trees in Arizona
The best time to prune citrus trees each year is in spring. If you prune them between mid-March and early May, the extreme temperatures will do less damage to the trees. The citrus fruits of most varieties mature in late autumn, approximately between November and February. Minimal pruning during this harvest time is also acceptable. In winter, there is a danger of frost, while in summer, there is the opposite problem. Citrus trees are highly sensitive to sun damage, especially in the hottest months of the year and the hottest parts of the day. If the trees are not shaded in the afternoon, any exposed trunks or branches need to be wrapped or painted (whitewashed) for sun protection. Trees are most vulnerable in places exposed to direct sunlight in the afternoon: the southwest is exposed. This is why it is so important not to over-prun the citrus tree: branches in direct sunlight will burn, and full exposure to the trunk will completely kill the tree.
In short, I want to emphasize again that knowing when to prune citrus trees is not more important than knowing how to prune citrus trees. The first rule to know when to prune a citrus tree is the sun. The number one rule of knowing how to prune a citrus tree is minimalism. Remember, they are actually just large bushes.
Source (in order of citation in the article): Arizona Republic: The Southwest Garden of Diana Balazs. Gardener: “Citrus Tree” by Dave Owens. Gardening Information in the Arid Southwestern Regions: John Bergman [http://www.ag.arizona.edu/gardening/news/articles/3.30.html], College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona. “Pruning or not-citrus, that’s it.” Lowell F. True, College of Agriculture, University of Arizona, “Citrus in the Home and Garden”